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Read about Hepatitis B


Read about Hepatitis B

What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis is the Greek term for inflammation of the liver.

Hepatitis B is caused by a virus called hepatitis B virus (HBV). Other types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A and hepatitis C.


Hepatitis B is a serious infection of the liver Caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For some people, chronic hepatitis B infection Becomes, meaning it lasts more than six months. Having chronic hepatitis B Increases the risk of liver Developing failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis – a condition That causes permanent scarring of the liver.


Most people infected With Hepatitis B as adults recover fully, even if signs and symptoms are severe Their. Infants and children are more likely to chronic hepatitis B infection Develop. A vaccine can Prevent hepatitis B, but no cure if available. If you are infected, taking Certain precautions can help Prevent transmission of HBV to others.

  • Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of hepatitis B, ranging from mild to severe, Appear Usually one to four months after you about’ve Been infected. Signs and symptoms of hepatitis B may include:


abdominal pain
Dark urine
joint pain
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Weakness and fatigue
Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
When to see a doctor

If you know you’ve Been exposed to hepatitis B, contact your physician immediately. A preventive treatment you reduce your risk of infection if the treatment you May receive within 24 hours of exposure to the virus.

If you think You have signs or symptoms of hepatitis B, contact your doctor.

  • Causes

Hepatitis B infection is hepatitis B virus Caused by (HBV). The virus is transmitted from person to person through blood, semen or other body fluids.

The most common forms HBV is transmitted include:

Sexual contact. You can become infected if You have unprotected sex with an infected partner Whose blood, saliva, semen or vaginal secretions enter your body.
Needle exchange. HBV is transmitted through contaminated needles and syringes Easily With infected blood. Share intravenous (IV) drug paraphernalia puts at high risk of hepatitis B.
accidental needlesticks. Hepatitis B is a concern for health workers and anyone else comes into contact WHO With human blood.
Mother to child. Pregnant women can transmit the virus HBV infected With Their babies to During childbirth. However, the newly born to be Immunized Prevent infection in almost all cases. Talk to your Doctor’s about testing for hepatitis B if you are pregnant or want to Become pregnant.
Acute chronic hepatitis B

Hepatitis B infection can be short term (acute) or long-term (chronic).

acute hepatitis B lasts less than six months. Your immune system can probably clear the hepatitis B Acute your body, and You should recover completely Within a few months. Most people contract hepatitis B WHO as an acute infection Have adults, but can lead to chronic infection.
Chronic hepatitis B infection lasts for six months or more. When the immune system can not fight acute infection, hepatitis B infection can last a lifetime, Which can lead to serious diseases cirrhosis and liver cancer Such as.


The younger is When hepatitis B is acquired – Particularly children under five newborns or – the greater the risk of infection Becomes chronic. Chronic infection can go undetected for Decades Becomes Until a person seriously ill from liver disease.

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